This paper focuses on locating Gilman in the nineteenth-century society and discusses largely woman’s condition and their space. Jane in “The Yellow Wallpaper” suffers patriarchal biases and strives to find her identity and independence. In this paper, my aim is to relate the themes of marriage, independence and feminine ideals to patriarchy, and to trace how the narrator lacks identity, which she tries to find behind the wallpaper and attempts to rescue herself from the male-dominated society. It also underlines to what extent women can actually liberate themselves and achieve their rights to speak and to express. Furthermore, the paper would also examine the patriarchal biases of the nineteenth-century medicine which prescribed women to undergo “rest cure” that actually confined them within the societal norms rather than to grow out of it.