University of Lucknow
Department of English and MEL
Abstract : The twentieth century is one of the most significant periods in the history of the Indian subcontinent. With too much happening on the political, economic, religious fronts, there also seems to have been a fervent effort for social reform. It is this century that exposed to philosophical Indian minds the vacuity and shallowness of many of our customs, and helped them locate the ills flourishing in the name of religion. Where on one hand nationalism and patriotic sentiment ruled our hearts, there was a growing consciousness of flaws and awareness of ways to better our society. The post-Independence period likewise saw both an attempt to fight economic and administrative battles of Independent India and a desire to wipe off the ills in the society. This paper is an attempt to identify and acknowledge efforts made by Indian writers in this direction. Untouchability, orthodoxy, religious intolerance, hypocrisy, gender bias, caste bias are few of the issues that were marring the piety of Indian life. An overall effort was needed and Literature efficiently contributed to the cause.
Keywords: Orthodoxy, Hypocrisy, Intolerance, religion, vices