Department of English,
University of Allahabad,
Abstract: The Bengal renaissance is generally considered to be the first intellectual movement in the history of India after colonisation. This movement produced great scholars who were conscious of their identity as Indians, and took pride in it, they were conscious of their superior cultural heritage, and proved this supremacy with their learning. The Bengali intelligentsia was, however, greatly impacted by extensive research conducted by British Orientalists, who endeavoured to ensure the position of India as a cultural and Intellectual premier in its heydays. Since the times of foreign invasions, the heritage of India gradually started suffering setback, since most of these invaders largely destroyed local culture in order to spread their own culture. India has always been receptive of positive changes, but many practices were imposed out of necessity to secure the indian culture from getting defiled, like- the purdah system. Consequently, in due course of time, various extraneous factors commingled to create a new sort of culture and literature in india. The practise reached at its height during the rule of East- India company in India, which was most oppressive of all foreign controllers, in connection to sending india on its brink of marginalisation. Indian culture was altogether suppressed. But, by the 1750’s, Britishers started feeling the need of understanding the ethos of India( although, out of political necessity at first). For this purpose they did many efforts, which, in due course of time resulted in more fruitful consequences for Indians than for themselves. One of the major contributions, in this effort of understanding India, was that of the British orientalists, who came in India as researchers, did their work with dedication, and brought out many facts about India’s glorious past. Their efforts sow a seed of self- pride in Bengali society and motivated forthcoming generations of Bengal.
Keywords: Intellectual supremacy, discovery, glorious past, universalism, harmony.