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CONTRIBUTIONS OF SAUSSURE: REVOLUTIONIZING LANGUAGE STUDY IN THE 20TH CENTURY

Ritika Sinha

M.A. English, M.A. Linguistics

Assistant Professor

Department of English

GGDSD College, Chandigarh

 

 

 

ABSTRACT                                                                 

Structuralism originated as a specific discourse with the work of a Swiss linguist, Ferdinand de Saussure, who is credited to have developed a branch of linguistics called Structural Linguistics. Saussure occupies an important place in the history of linguistics as he made the structural basis of language clear.  He was the founder of a newer trend in linguistic study. Saussure contributed certain grounded notions to modern linguistics which provided an impetus to the study of language. He propounded the concept of Linguistic Sign as a basic unit of communication explaining it as a composite of Signifier and the Signified. Saussure distinguished between Langue and Parole. Saussure described that structural relationship in a language system can be divided into Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic relationship. Language study, for Saussure could be Synchronic(non-historical) and Diachronic(historical). Saussure stressed that analysis of language predominantly is the study of the system underlying it which includes various structures.

 

KEY WORDS: Saussure, Structuralism, Linguistics, Language

journal of english

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2017-09-28T10:14:58+00:00
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