M.A. English, M.A. Linguistics
Department of English
GGDSD College, Chandigarh
Structuralism originated as a specific discourse with the work of a Swiss linguist, Ferdinand de Saussure, who is credited to have developed a branch of linguistics called Structural Linguistics. Saussure occupies an important place in the history of linguistics as he made the structural basis of language clear. He was the founder of a newer trend in linguistic study. Saussure contributed certain grounded notions to modern linguistics which provided an impetus to the study of language. He propounded the concept of Linguistic Sign as a basic unit of communication explaining it as a composite of Signifier and the Signified. Saussure distinguished between Langue and Parole. Saussure described that structural relationship in a language system can be divided into Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic relationship. Language study, for Saussure could be Synchronic(non-historical) and Diachronic(historical). Saussure stressed that analysis of language predominantly is the study of the system underlying it which includes various structures.
KEY WORDS: Saussure, Structuralism, Linguistics, Language