ARUN KUMAR. V
DEPT. OF HUMANITIES
ST. CLARET COLLEGE
MES –ROAD, 5TH CROSS
GUIDE- MR. JANARDHAN. L
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH
ACHARYA INSTITUTE OF GRADUATE STUDIES
Literary theory is the process of understanding the nature of literature, its function, its relation to author, reader, language, society and history.
Primarily, literature is the work of society, culture, myths, beliefs, practices, and experience.
“All social life is in some sense theoretical”(1), “And just as all social life is theoretical, so all theories is real social practice”(2). In understanding literature theories from Aristotle’s Poetics to the present, theories play a crucial role.
Evolutionary human life invents series of signs that invade literature, bombard new theories and this process is immortal. For example, change of society influences the works, where theories are rediscovered in order to deal with these new theories. Theories are not center to work; but work is center to theory. Theory is important to form text from work, ultimately theory drives work into multitudinous scope and exposes it to the readers (for example, the current study of European classics of Homer is possible by theories).Literary theories are free to individual due to their ‘indeterminacy’ nature and reader’s interest. Theories do not set principles either to reader or to author; it is a method to extract infinite meaning to work. Theories are like adding reagent to work to extract product for the benefit of the society, and do not find loopholes in literary work, instead structures a work in possible morals. Literature is written by experience to be experienced by the reader. In this activity reader has his own principles, which has half prime importance in the emergence of theory. Thus theories should not be finite; they should be flexible enough to welcome other theories. These theories do not diminish themselves. Their principles continue as long as literature is, they always facilitate audience to interpret a work. It is that ever changing social life which intends new theories, these new theories do not depress the existing, its role in literature is constant, and they can be revisited by the reader or critic infinitely. So individual theories may or may not have same structure but they have single object; depending upon the work. Work and theory are inseparable, they tend together. These factors make theories crucial in literature, for re-drafting in possible methods.
This paper tries to prove the necessity of theory, so theories can be ever welcomed.
Key words; literary theories, theory as a catalyst, Role of theory