Dr. SYED HAJIRA BEGUM
Assistant Professor and HOD, DOS in English
JSS COLLEGE OF ARTS, COMMERCE AND SCIENCE
B N Road, Mysore- 570025
( +919535803738, +919866582665)
Anita Desai is recognized as the first Indian author writing in English who addresses feminist themes seriously, focusing on the condition of women in India. Unlike Nayantara Sahgal and Kamala Markandeya, for example, who respond primarily to the external social and political circumstances of their female characters, Desai concentrates on the exploration of the psychological condition of the oppressed heroines who, at first, are entirely passive. Fasting, Feasting (2000), so far Desai’s latest novel, is, above all, a work whose main concern is the condition of women in India and is related to women in general. This paper focuses on the culture based oppression of women in contemporary Indian society and relates it to the psychological suffering of women in American society and concludes that women are being considered as domesticated secondary beings with little scope to open up themselves in society as well in family based on the portrayal of the characters Uma, Melanie and her mother, Mrs Patton; resulting in ideological condition signifying how patriarchy is all encompassing irrespective of culture or place.
Keywords: culture based oppression, domesticated secondary beings, feminist themes, psychological condition.