Junior Research Fellow,
Department of English,
University of Allahabad.
Abstract: The East- India company had started as a commercial enterprise in India, but very soon it’s political ambitions were exposed. However, the Moghul emperors of the time could not sense the severity that this company’s stay could bring to their nation. The formation of British Raj in India resulted in the slavery of more than three centuries of the nation. The Company destroyed Indian commerce, agriculture as well as culture, by enforcing their own manners, styles and goods. The people of India were maltreated in the hands of Britishers, who had established their domination in the society. Thus they considered and treated the native people as secondary and less- important, hence subjects to humiliation. The term ‘subaltern’ subsumed the whole population of the nation during the colonial rule. It became a category in itself, which included Indians of every class, religion and gender. But along with its postcolonial sense, the term ‘ subaltern’ in general sense includes other sections of the society as well, who were under double subordination- this section included women and poor, backward class and castes. The present paper is concerned with tracing the elements of suppression of the aforementioned sections of the society in the novel The Home and the World, who are truly the ‘subaltern’ in India.
Keywords: domination, secondary, religious texts, distinction, subaltern, misery.