DR. VIBHA TIWARI
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR IN ENGLISH
CBRG GOVERNMENT GIRLS’ PG COLLEGE
PH. D. RESEARCH SCHOLAR
BANASTHALI VIDYAPITH & LECTURER IN ENGLISH
SGN KHALSA PG COLLEGE
The present paper discusses the philosophy of ‘nonviolence’ (ahimsa) of Mahatma Gandhi, which he devised as a weapon to fight the brute forces of violence and hatred, hailing it as the only way to peace. Gandhi based his philosophy of nonviolence on the principle of love for all and hatred for none. He thought violence as an act caused to a person directly or indirectly, denying him his legitimate rights in the society by force, injury or deception. Gandhi’s nonviolence means avoiding violent means to achieve one’s end, howsoever, lofty it might be, as he firmly believed that the use of violence, even if in the name of achieving a justifiable end was not good, as it would bring more violence. He firmly adhered to the philosophy of Gita that preaches to follow the rightful path, remaining oblivious of its outcome. Gandhi used nonviolence in both his personal and political life and used it first in South Africa effectively and back home he applied it in India against the British with far more astounding success, as it proved supremely useful and efficacious in liberating the country from the British servitude. However, he never tried to use it as a political tactic to embarrass the opponent or to take undue advantage of his adversity.
Keywords: Nonviolence, Truth, Gita, Acharanga Sutra, Disobedience Movement, South Africa, Indian National Movement, etc