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INCREASING DEPRESSION IN INDIAN WOMEN: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY  

MS. CHARUMITRA ANAND

RESEARCH SCHOLAR                                                                         

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY & POL. SCIENCE 

DAYALBAGH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE (DEEMED UNIVERSITY)AGRA, U.P

CHARUMITRA91@GMAIL.COM                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

DR. LAJWANTSINGH

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR.

DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY & POL. SCIENCE

DAYALBAGH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE (DEEMED UNIVERSITY) AGRA, U.P  

SINGH.LAJWANT90@GMAIL.COM

 

 

Abstract

 

Depression is a common, complex mental illness of person across gender, race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic status. Though depression has been observed in most countries of the world, some countries or cultures do not have a word for depression. Epidemiologic data from around the world demonstrate that major depression is approximately twice common in women than men. Progress has been made in understanding the epidemiology of depression and in developing effective treatments. The rates of depression for females have been consistently higher as compared to rates for males. However, the greater numbers of depressed women may reflect referral and treatment biases, social roles and expectations, specific biological and reproductive differences, higher rates of victimization and poverty, and the under diagnosis of males. In India Women have very negligible access to mental health care and the only setting where there is gender parity in access to health care is the community setting. Lack of education, superstitions and reluctance on the part of the womenfolk and the social stigma and bleak chances of matrimonial placement in our culture are significant determinants. In general, two perspectives are most often discussed in the explaining gender differences in rates of depression: (1) the reproduction, and (2) women’s roles, status, and life situations. Trans-cultural stability of gender ratio (more women than men) makes logical hypothesis more reasonable. It may be likely that sex differences in rates of depression more to do with culturally defined gender differences in symptom help seeking, social support, coping styles, treatment utilization, stress than with differences in neurobiology. Symptoms of depression may be unduly considered intensification what are traditionally considered normal female characteristics, dependency, helplessness, hopelessness, passivity, and lack of confidence. Study actually found that depressed persons were described as stereotypically female and normal persons as stereotypically male.   My study is a secondary analysis. The present study aims to identify the factor responsible for depression in Indian women and how to obtain an accurate diagnosis of it, the area of women and mental health needs immediate attention from health researchers, social scientists, women’s organizations, professional organizations, health planners and other administrators.

KEYWORDS: Depression, Mental illness, Awareness, NMHS.

journal of english

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2017-08-29T08:29:43+00:00
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