UDAY SINGH PATHANIA
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH, UNIVERSITY OF JAMMU.
Abstract: The personality of human beings is not only defined by the physical environment in which an individual is born and brought up, but, to a major extent it is determined by the psychological experientiality of one’s childhood. A child is most closely attached to one’s parents emotionally and physiologically. His psychological and physical dependence owes to one’s needs which can be fulfilled most reliably by the parents’ only. Any gap in this psychological bond between the parent and the child leads to an aberration of child’s personality and character. Ruskin Bond is an interpreter of human minds. In his oeuvre he has taken up all aspects of parent-child relationship to argue for a flawless childhood for a harmonious individual. His short stories amply reveal the fissures in this relationship which are detrimental to a child psychology. This paper proposes to study three representative short stories Most Beautiful, A Job Well Done and Home of Ruskin Bond to explore his vision of childhood within the framework of Maslow’s theory of hierarchical needs to explore how the dynamics of these needs impacts the personality of these characters
Key words: Ruskin Bond, Child psychology, Theory of needs, Trauma