Department of English
BGSB, University Rajouri
Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet by Pakistanis, Iranians, Indians, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans and other international scholars of literature. Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet, he is also a highly-acclaimed philosopher and great thinker. Iqbal’s poetic works are written primarily in Persian rather than in Urdu.Iqbal was undoubtedly a genius, and one of the greatest poets of the world. This, however, does not mean that he received nothing from the environment in which his genius developed. According to Iqbal, there are stages of beauty, but the ultimate Beauty is the source of them all. All particular beauties are changeable and perishable, but divine beauty is eternal. Every beautiful object is so because it participates in Divine Beauty – because Divine beauty reveals itself in it. Nature is beautiful because it participates in the one Eternal Beauty. Iqbal’s ideology regarding the concept of art is that ‘’The artist who is a blessing to mankind …… is an associate of God ……. He sees all nature full, large and abundant as opposed to him who sees all things thinner, smaller, emptier than they actually are.’’ Iqbal actually subordinates poetry to morality and makes it ‘’subservient to life and personality’’. According to him, ‘’resistance of what is with a view to create what ought to be in health and life; or else is decay and death’’. The artist must discover the ought within the depth of his own being. True artist is the one who aims at the human assimilations of divine attributes and gives men infinite aspirations. In the present study, the researcher aims to elaborate the concept of beauty and art by Muhammad Iqbal and also discussed how this concept is different from the rest of the thinker’s ideology regarding the concept of beauty and art.