Lecturer .P.G.Department of English
Abstract: Mulk Raj Anand is not a writer of imagination but of reality. He has seen India divided into two conflicting forces- the people governing and the people governed. The novel Untouchable exposed the hypocrisy, snobbery and ostentation of the Upper Caste Hindus who sometimes stoop very low to achieve their ends. This novel expressed great advocacy of marginalized and defenseless against their life- long humiliation and oppression. In other words, the novelist has realized the pangs of the people who are always oppressed and exploited worse than slaves. Untouchable peeps into the life of an outcaste, Bakha who represents the misery and inhuman treatment of the marginalized and the have-nots during pre-independent era when India was undergoing through transition from tradition to modernity. In other words, Bakha is caught between two worlds. Though the pulls of modernity were strong on him, he could not break the tradition. He stands for change from tradition to modernity or from old to new. On the other hand, his father and brother are the representatives of tradition and conservatism. Bakha is not an individual but a type which has been always oppressed and kept aloof at the periphery. Bakha, in the novel seems to be enslaved by both the external and internal forces, and could not get rid of the suppression and injustice meted out at the hands of Caste Hindus. He is looked as castaway even among the outcasts. Moreover, he is marginalized even among the marginalized.
Key Words: Untouchable, Caste, Discrimination, Hindu, Marginalization etc.