Dr Jeet Singh
Central University of Jammu
Narratology studies how a story is told. The study of the telling of a story constitutes narratorial nuances of time under the heading of which the time of story and the time of narrative are analyzed. The narratological analysis unravels the structure behind the meaning of a story by rendering explicit how those structures create and institutionalize meaning, concept, perceptions etc. The current article makes an in depth study of Hundred Years of Solitude (1967). Marquez’s art of storytelling reaches its zenith in the novel. Gerard Genette’s narratological model and terminology has been employed in the analysis and it forms its methodology as well. According to Elina Gomel, David Wood predicted in 1989 that ‘our century long “linguistic turn” will be followed by a spiralinge return to time as the focus and horizon of all our thought and experience’. Mark Currie further stated that that it is about time that this prediction about time came true. Life and literature are inextricably and intrinsically existent in time and are about time. Gerard Genette also stresses that a story can be told without specifying the place where it happens, but it is almost impossible not to locate the story in time with respect to the act of narration indicating whether a story is about past, present or future of the ‘narrating’. Mikhail Bakhtin considered any narrative as the function of ‘chronotope’ which has spacio-temporal implications. He states that chronotopes are the organizing centers for the fundamental narrative events of the novel. In the present paper, the narrative chronotopic aesthetics of the novel Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe will be analyzed in the light of narratological approach.
Key Words: Narratology, tense, achronic, figurative