Victor Yan-jung Juang
National Kaohsiung Normal University
William Shakespeare’s drama, Hamlet, follows the contemporary Elizabethan trend of revenge tragedy in which thematically circulates around crime, punishment and vengeance and the plot of which bases itself upon reflexivity, the itinerary of infinite continuity whereby crime engenders revenge and revenge in turn is becoming part of the crime. In the end, sarcastically, though Hamlet, as a virtuous and ambitious hero, achieves his revenge for his father in his own bloody death, it is Fortinbras, the Norwegian prince whose father was slaughtered by King Hamlet, that will become the king of Denmark. Each character’s past and presence is shrouded in revenge. Fortinbras’ future dominance over Denmark can be seen as the revenge for the death of his own father. What will occur next? Is Fortinbras going to suffer from another revenge which results from his ascending the throne of Denmark? In perusal between the acts, Shakespeare employs many Biblical patterns and mythological allusions to foreshadow the translucent position of forgiveness. In the research, I am going to analyze both the patterns and elucidate how Shakespeare elaborate the importance of forgiveness in the sanguine crime ubiquitous throughout the play, Hamlet.
Keywords: forgiveness; revenge; Christianity; biblical allusions; mythological allusions; Hamlet; revenge play