DR. JEET SINGH
CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF JAMMU (J&K)
Time is most important ingredient for a text as for its existence; structure, meaning and understanding is concerned. It is also impossible to go beyond time. Since the time of genesis, the paradigms of time have undergone different interpretations which have resulted in equally different understandings of life and literature. In this paper, Garcia Marquez’s novel In Evil Hour (1962) has been analyzed in the light of narratological concepts of ‘story time’ and ‘narrative time’ as has been discussed by Gerard Genette in his book Narrative Discourse: Essay in Method (1983). Lilla Kopar’s concept of ‘figurative time’ enumerated in his famous paper titled “An Intellectual Dialogue Set In Stone” and Genette’s concept of ‘achrony’ best describe the timeless and temporal structure of the novel. Figuratively speaking, time in the novel is both linear and non-linear. Moreover, it would not be incorrect to say that the concept of time in the novel is above the concepts of linearity and nonlinearity. Time in the novel is circular cyclic and repetitive. A structuralist reading of the novel makes it clear that the ‘story time’ of the novel is purely and simultaneously psychological, magical, fantastic and realistic phenomenon. The ‘narrative’ and ‘story’ of the novel displays that nothing has changed since the beginning of human generation because human beings are still subject to similar pains and pleasures of life and are still possess same instincts. Structurally, the novel is an instance of ‘iterative narrative’ which uses ‘achrony’ and ‘iterative syllepsis’ as the techniques of representing its temporal and timeless paradigms playing fundamental role in its interpretation, understanding and meaning. In this way, the novel breaks away from what is logical and normal simultaneously questions the paradigms of modern constructs of time and reality.
Key words: anachrony, achrony, iterative narrative, iterative syllepsis.