SR. P J. ALPHONSA
PH. D RESEARCH SCHOLAR,
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH,
STELLA MARIS COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS),
CHENNAI – 600086
MOBILE NO: 9497421876
E-MAIL ID: ALPHUJESUS@GMAIL.COM.
This paper entitled TINAI AS AN ECOCRITICAL CONCEPT seeks to explore the concept of Tinai in Sangam literature as ecological trope. A tinai is a landscape and genre infused with several layers of meaning and identity. The central idea of tinai is the organic linkage of time, space, landscape, and emotion. This paper also compares the concept of ‘tinai’ in Tamil language to what we call ‘biome’ in English. The ancient Tamils classified their land into five existential territories or landscapes Kurinji, Mullai, Marutham, Neythal and Palai in relation to the human life. This classification that goes with the name Tinai is not merely geographical or geological, but describes the nature of people, their occupations, culture and religion that conditions their attitude. The environment influences person’s experience and shapes their personality. So this paper conclude that even though the concept of ecocriticism is relatively new, traditional concept such as Tinai show us that the ecology has been a major concern since classical times.
Key words: Tinai, Sangam Literature, Ecocriticism, Biome, Experience.