Dr Sudipta Chakraborty
Assistant Professor of English,
Sreegopal Banerjee College (Govt. Sponsored),
West Bengal, India
This article is about one of the early travel texts about Australia by an Indian. A Khoja’s Tour in Australia was written in 1885 by Fazulbhoy Visram (1856 – 1913). I have explored how Fazulbhoy’s aim to educate his readership about the merits of travel in the modern world and his target readership have shaped his representation of Australia. Fazulbhoy’s representation of Australia is restricted to its urban centres like Sidney, Melbourne, Adelaide and so on. In this respect my study is focused on Fazulbhoy’s exploration of urbanity and modernity in Australia. Urbanity in Australia in the late nineteenth century had been associated with such modular derivatives of colonial modernity as mobility, monumentality, urban amenities and codification of civic values. In this paper I have read and theorized Fazulbhoy Visram’s depiction of this urban culture of pre-Federal Australia in terms of his ideological affiliation with the idea of Englishness. Englishness has been perceived by Fazulbhoy as the embodiment of western modernity and the values associated with it. Finally I have assessed Fazulbhoy’s role and achievement as an Indian traveller and as an Indian entrepreneur in Australia.