Javaid Ahmad Ganaie
Research scholar Jiwaji University,
Gwalior (M.P) India. email:email@example.com
A great deal of the history of international relations is characterized by the aggressive assays of one community to subjugate another. ‘Colonialism’, according to Oxford English Dictionary, comes from the Roman word ‘colonio’ meaning ‘farm’ or ‘settlement’. Thus, ‘colonialism’ is a settlement in a new country. Colonialism was not an alike process in diverse parts of the world, but universally, new comers locked the original inhabitants into the most traumatic and complex of relationships in human history. The process of ‘creating a refined community’ as declared by the white colonizers, in the new land, necessarily meant unforming or reforming the communities that existed already. This gave birth a wide range of exercises including trade, plunder, negotiation, warfare, genocide, enslavement and rebellions. At the end of the nineteenth century most European states stepped towards Africa and other parts of the world where they formed colonies. . Aimé Césaire, in 1955, remarked that the “great historical tragedy” that betided Africa in its encounter with European colonialism, an encounter that led Césaire to conclude that “Europe is responsible before the human community for the highest heap of corpses in human history” (2000: 45).. Nigeria also was amongst those African nations that incurred visitors who were having colonising intention. With passage of time these hideous hypocrite introduced their religion and culture that is later imposed on Igbo. The culture of the people of Umuofia (Igbo culture) was massively threatened by that modification. The late Nigerian writer Chinua Achebe was a key figure in the rise and persistence of anti-colonial ideology in Africa.This paper assays to Summarizes Achebe’s reputation as a paradigmatic critic of the colonialism. His novels raise voice against all four forms of exploitation encompassed in race, class, political, economic, and social change in Africa.
Key words: Colonialism, Post-colonialism,Destabilisation, Cross-culture encounter