Assistant Professor , Department of English
Pub Kamrup College, Baihata Chariali.
Abstract: Anita Desai needs no introduction, she is an Indian writer in English and she had more than five decades of writing experience. Besides portraying gothic mysteries and deep-rooted human psyche, she had voiced for protecting Mother Nature and its beauty and bounty. The present study is an attempt to analyze Anita Desai’s major works like “In Custody”, “Fire on the Mountain”, “The artist of Disappearance” and “Village by the Sea” from ecocritical perspective. Simply speaking, ecocriticism is an attempt to study the relationship between literature and physical environment. Ecocriticism is opposite to anthropocentricism. Ecocritics believe that it is impossible to disregard human viewpoint and escape to another but it is manageable to be heedful towards other viewpoints. Moreover, ecocritics like Lawrence Buell believes that human interest is not the only lawful interest.
Anita Desai has dexterously blended human and non-human environment and projects that non-human environment is existing not just as a structuring device but as a presence that embark to advocate that human history is connected with natural history. And character like Nanda Kaul in “Fire on the Mountain” was unable to figure out mellifluous voice of her garden and forgot to ameliorate it further that she went out of the frying pan into the fire. Even a government officer’s impetuosity towards protecting an elephant in “The museum of the Final Journey” leads him to fear elephants for his whole life.