El Habib Louai
Mohamed 5 University, Rabat, Morocco
Though death has untimely surprised him, Edward Said remains among the most influential scholars of the twentieth century academia. His prolific critical legacy has been central to many other disciplines that range from literary studies, cultural studies, arts, to colonial discourse analysis, post-colonial theory and anthropology. He has undertaken throughout his life and with much perseverance and courage that position of a scholar who sought to fathom the intricate relations of the east/orient to the west/occident. In his famous book entitled Orientalism (1978) Edward Said officially denunciates the ways in which Europe has incessantly seen the orient either as a reality or through imaginary artistic productions. In the same book, Said contends that the existent relations between the colonizer and the colonized are cunningly based on knowledge as a means of power that may be used to defend certain political stances or ideological positions. He postulates that Orientalism is basically a patricentric project where the oriental woman is nothing but a mere absorbing figure of European male phantasmagoric sexual repressions.