Dr. Sangeetha Noval.
Bhartiya Skill Development University, Jaipur
Email – firstname.lastname@example.org
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Abstract-Since generations, analyzing and interpreting behavior of literary characters have been a great attraction for the literary critics Many approaches have been used to explore the comprehension of the inner psychic processes of the literary characters and their resultant behavior. Anita Desai’s novels focus on the inner climate (i.e.) the climate of sensibility. Her main concern is to depict the psychic states of her protagonists at some crucial junctures of their lives. Her fiction, has attracted a lot of psychological explorations. This paper also aims to investigate the behavioural orientation of the character Maya, the main protagonist of her book Cry, the Peacock, using the theoretical framework of Abraham.H. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Maslow’s theory of the hierarchy of basic needs emphasizes on the fulfilment of man’s fundamental needs. According to him all have psychological survival needs which include need for safety, for love, for belonging, for self-esteem and finally for self-actualization, arranged in a hierarchy. The most basic need which a person requires from his\her very birth, after the gratification of physiological needs is the safety need Maya psychically disintegrates while combating the existential anguish and ends up developing neurosis as a result of the unsated needs. She not only murders her husband but also commits a suicide, thus giving a catastrophic end to the story. This paper aims to decode the probable impact of the deprived safety needs on Maya on her behaviour.
Key Words: Maslow, Hierarchy of Needs, Safety Needs, Neurosis, Behaviour, psychopathology