Alice Walker’s Perspective of Empowerment of Black Women as Revealed in her Novel “The Third Life of Grange Copeland”

Authors

  • K. Srividya Lakshmi Assistant Professor (Sr. G), Department of English, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v8i5.10581

Abstract

Alice Walker is a Black American novelist, essayist, short story writer, poetic, critic, biographer, editor and Pulitzer Prize laureate. Alice Walker captures the experience of Black women in her works as a series of movements from women who are victimized by the society to women who have taken control of their lives consciously. She has explored the lives of Black women in depth even questions their fate. She has courage to see through the seeds of time and declares that in future black women would no longer live in suspension. “The Third Life of Grange Copeland” (1970) was the first novel of Alice Walker. The focus is on Black women characters in The Third Life who empower themselves through education and economic independence. This novel introduces the domination of powerless women by equally powerless men. The novel challenges African Americans to take a scrutinizing look at them. Mary Margaret Richards observes that “The Oldest generation represented by Grange finds itself trapped in a share cropper system... a form of slavery (African -American Writers, p.744). The novel introduces many of her prevalent themes, particularly the domination of powerless women by equally powerless men.

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References

Primary Source
Walker, Alice. The Third Life of Grange Copeland, New York: Harcourt, 1970.
Secondary sources
“Racism”. Encyclopedia of Black America. 1981.
Aliman, Susan. Extraordinary Black American, from colonial to contemporary Times. Chicago: Children, 1989.
Christian, Barbara. “Alice Walker”. Modern American Literature. Vol.3. Detroit: St. James P., 1999.
Christian, Barbara. Alice Walker. DLB. Ed. Thodious, M. Davis and Trudier Haris. Vol. 33. Detroit: Gale, 1980.
Christian, Barbara. Black Women Novelist: The Development of a Tradition, 1892-1976. Westport: Greenword, 1980.
Walker’s. The Third Life of Grange Copeland, The Afro American Novel Since 1960. Eds. Peter Bruck and Wolf Gang Kareer. Amsterdam: Gruner, 1982.
Morris, Aldon D. The Origin of the Civil Rights Movements: Black communities organizing for change. NY : Free, 1984.
Nickson, La Verne. “Alice Walker”. African American Women, A Biographical Dictionary. 1993.
Richard. Mary Margaret. “Alice Walker”. African American Writers. Ed. Valerie Smith. NY: Charles Scribner’s, 2001.
Sellers, Susan (ed) Feminist Criticism Theory and Practice. University of Toronto press, 1991.

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Published

28-05-2020

How to Cite

Lakshmi, K. S. (2020). Alice Walker’s Perspective of Empowerment of Black Women as Revealed in her Novel “The Third Life of Grange Copeland”. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH, 8(5), 51–63. https://doi.org/10.24113/ijellh.v8i5.10581