PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA IN BHARATHI MUKHERJEE’S WIFE
Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely difficult event. Trauma is often the result of an overpowering amount of stress that exceeds one's ability to cope, or mix the emotions involved with that experience.
“Diaspora” refers to the scattering of a people from their homeland. A simple definition of Diaspora literature then would be works that are written by authors who live outside their native land. The term identifies a work’s distinct geographic origins.
Bharati Mukherjee is one of the major diasporic novelists. As an expatriate in the United States, she has captured evocatively the Indian immigrant experience in her novels as well as two collections of short fiction. As she is an Indian born American novelist, short story writer, non-fiction writer and journalist. She takes up the life of the Indian immigrants in the U.S.A. as the subject-matter of most of her novels. In her novels, she explores the theme of immigration and transformation. The immigrants have one desire in common that is to settle permanently in America. So, as immigrants they undergo a process of adjustment and transformation of their personalities. She journeys through the different phases such as the phases of expatriation, transition and immigration. Her works reveal her embattlements with cultures and citizens of the country where she was born (India) and the land of her immigration (America). The quality of cultural conflict leading to psychological crisis in her fiction in all its multiplicity forms the crux of her accomplishment as a creative artist. She is at her best in the portrayal of cultural conflict between the East and the West leading to psychological crisis in the inner mind of her protagonists. Mukherjee focuses upon sensitive women protagonists who lack stable sense of personal and cultural identity. She is curious about the survival of her protagonist in the new surroundings. She is concerned about making her picture of Indian life intelligible and interesting to the American readers.
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