OVERVIEW OF ALIENATION IN THE VIEW OF ANITA DESAI'S & TONI MORRISON IN THEIR NOVELS
Alienation according to the Oxford dictionary is "the action of estranging, or state of estrangement in feeling or affection". The word "estrangement" is fastened to the concept of alienation and mostly carries a negative meaning. Residing in an alien country, living amidst unacquainted culture, staring into unknown faces, the sense of not belonging follows the sense of being, rudderless and anchorless, totally reflective of the psychological predicament of the writers and their perceived characters, who become receptacles for their emotional saga of separation and aloneness.
The term alienation was derived from latin 'Alienare' from the word 'Alius' the source of the word in westerm civilization is tied up with humanity's erstwhile concern over separation of self from others, a distinctness of individual consciousness from the whole. Such distinctness entails human concern over loss of affection, truth, one's mind or one's self. Other concepts that are related to this central concept of a alienation are powerlessness, meaninglessness, normlessness, cultural estrangement, social isolation and self-estrangement. In a woman these aspects intensify as she is subjected to multi-factors of alienation that threaten to destroy her essential womanhood.
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