Understanding the approaches towards ascetics and asceticism in Hindu society within the framework of Ghuryeâ€™s sociology of religion
Keywords:religion, saints, ascetics, sampradaya, sect
Religion is fundamental to man. Man becomes conscious of some power beyond his comprehension almost at the dawn of civilization. This field has drawn the attention of sociologists like Max Weber and Emile Durkheim. Indian sociologist Govind Sadashiv Ghurye, popularly known as G.S.Ghurye thinks that religion is at the centre of the total cultural heritage of man. He made original contribution to the study of Indian religious beliefs and practices. Some of his works reflect his interest related to the sociology of religion. â€˜Indian Sadhusâ€™ as one of Ghuryeâ€˜s notable works within the domain of his sociology of religion reflects the genesis, development and organization of asceticism in Hindu religion and the role played by ascetics in the maintenance of Hindu society. Through such explanation this paper draws on the ideology of ascetics and asceticism in Hindu society analysed by Ghurye from the perspective of his indological approach.