Nuances of Dalit Literature
The term Dalit is an all encompassing term referring all the sections of the society who were traditionally subjected to various means of discrimination by the Hindu society on grounds of untouchability. Dalit Movement which has rejected the inhuman tradition of untouchability has a long history in the country. It is the movement which stands for a new social order based on equality both socially and economically. From the depressed classes evolved intellectuals like Dr. B.R.Ambedkar who provided a solid ideological base for the dalit movement. The dalit consciousness that began to bloom came to the fore in various forms. This dalit consciousness which fights for the equality of Dalits is reflected in Indian literature as well. In 1958, the term "Dalit literature" was used at the first conference of Maharashtra Dalit Sahitya Sangha in Mumbai. Dalit literature as a movement originated in 1960s starting in Marathi and subsequently has spreaded to Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Kannada .For ages writers from the so-called upper castes have told us the tales of Dalits and in the last few decades Dalits have begun narrating their own tales. These writers give a firsthand experience of the woes faced by the oppressed and explore the means of resistance. This paper aims at exploring the Dalit literatuere in various regional languages.