The Stock Characters in Detective Fiction: An Archetypal Reading of Sir Arthur Conan Doyleâ€™s A Study in Scarlets
Northrop Frye, when he speaks of archetypal criticism, envisages the presence of some stock type characters in the process of the quest fulfillment which is the central theme of every fiction. Accordingly, there is eiron character type and this character, who hatches a plan to bring the culprit to justice in the detective fiction, is figured in the character of the man-hunter. This eiron character takes its live form in the characters of the hero and heroine too. The deceiving or self-deceived alazonic character is found in the anti-hero in the detective fiction. The bomolochoi are the official fools represented by official detectives in the detective fiction who always go wrong and end nowhere in their investigation. The agroikos character takes the form of a plain dealer or a straight-minded man in the detective fiction. This paper attempts to see how this stock type characters are prevalent in A Study in Scarlet of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in Sherlock Holmes series.