Resistance in Joothan By Om Parkash Valmiki and Untouchable By Mulk Raj Anand: A Comparative Study
Abstract: In 1950, when independent India adopted the new constitution, untouchability was legally abolished. But the dalits still experience the pain and agony of untouchability socially, economically and politically. In the name of religion they have been given a very bad treatment in the Indian society. Dalit literature which emerged in 1950â€™s is a revolt against dominant ideology and the established unjust social order. â€˜Untouchableâ€™ by Mulk Raj Anand(1935) belongs to the pre-independence era whereas â€˜Joothanâ€™ by Om Prakash Valmiki (1950) belongs to the post-independent era. Both the works deal with the life and struggles of the low castes, with their quest for identity, dignity, justice and equality. Harsh realities of Joothan show that dalits have not attained their rightful place though it was promised in the constitution. This paper is a comparative study of how in both these works the protagonists ,in their own way, show resistance towards the exploitation and ill treatment meted out to them by the upper castes.