https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/issue/feed SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH 2021-08-04T09:10:18+00:00 Sandeep contact@ijellh.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH</strong> is a peer-reviewed (refereed) and open access journal<strong>.</strong> IJELLH is indexed in the MLA Directory of Periodicals and <a href="https://index.pkp.sfu.ca/index.php/browse/index/9699">PKP Index</a>. SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH has been granted a new Online ISSN: <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2582-3574">2582-3574</a> and Print ISSN: <a title="2582-4406" href="http://nsl.niscair.res.in/ISSNPROCESS/issnassignedinfo.jsp">2582-4406</a>. The journal is published by SMART MOVES publications, Bhopal, India.</p> <p>The previously granted ISSN <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2321-7065">2321-7065</a> was for the International Journal of English Language, Literature in Humanities (IJELLH), which was valid from June 2013 until November 2019. From November 2019 onwards, the new title of the journal will be SMART MOVES JOURNAL IJELLH. IJELLH provides researchers with an online platform to publish their research work.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope for publication</strong></p> <p>The primary objective of IJELLH is to offer an online open-access platform for international researchers. IJELLH publishes articles on a broad spectrum of English Language, English Literature and Linguistics. The journal further covers various aspects of the research field and most of these are mentioned hereafter:</p> <p><strong> English Language</strong> – Grammar, Punctuation, Accent, Comparative Study, ELS (English as a second or foreign language), English language teachers training, Language teaching methodologies<strong> </strong>and other related topics.</p> <p><strong> English Literature</strong> – Fiction from Chaucerian Age to Post Colonial Age, Canadian Literature, Indian Literature &amp; many other topics related to Literature till date and related subject areas.</p> <p><strong> Linguistics</strong> – Linguistics is the scientific study of language. There are three aspects to this study: language form, language meaning and language in context. IJELLH publish the following subject areas like Applied Linguistics, Language Acquisition, Language Documentation, Linguistic Theories, Philosophy of Language, Phonetics, Sociolinguistics, Text and Corpus Linguistics, Translating and Interpreting, Writing Systems and related subject areas.</p> <p> </p> https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11113 Looming Diasporic In-Betweenness: A Critical Study of Hybridity and Culture in Agha Shahid Ali’s Poetic World 2021-07-28T08:56:01+00:00 Ajay S. Deshmukh ajayd802@gmail.com Rajdeep R. Deshmukh ajayd802@gmail.com <p>Hybridity is an outcome of consistent movement and interaction of two different aspects of human existence. The forces of nature when confluence each other cause hybrid existence bringing the traces of both into it. It may by and large cohabit the space and time, race and culture, philosophy and religion etc. It encompasses the divergent modes of existence, thinking patterns, behavioral norms, socio-cultural ethos, political and administrative ambience. Diasporic Hybridity is pertinent discourse. It is cause of anxiety in the early stage of migrant experience whereas settling base of later stage of existence of diasporic community. Present paper is an attempt to trace the threads of looming diasporic in-betweenness as reflected in the poetry of Agha Shahid Ali.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ajay S. Deshmukh, Rajdeep R. Deshmukh https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11114 Understanding Emotional Ecology between a Writer and a Reader: A Study 2021-07-28T09:29:54+00:00 Ms. Zeba Mahtab sheikhzeba32@gmail.com Dr. Syed Wahaj Mohsin swahaj@iul.ac.in <p>In the novelistic universe the writer creates an emotional atmosphere or ecology for the reader within the text. The creation of this atmosphere promotes the comprehension power of the reader and establishes a cognitive and emotional relationship between the two. In most of the contemporary novels referred to in this paper the authors have taken the reader on an emotional voyage by means of their writing. Emotional ecology has gained currency in various pedagogical spheres due to the deteriorating relationship between the educators and the students. On both levels it is beneficial to promote an emotional atmosphere for creating a better society. This paper aims to focus on emotional ecology in terms of literature with a focus on various writers from across the globe. It opens new dimensions to strengthen the bond between the reader and the textual world.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ms. Zeba Mahtab, Dr. Syed Wahaj Mohsin https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11115 Challenges of Teaching English in Engineering Institutions in Tamil Nadu - A Study 2021-07-28T09:51:33+00:00 Kalaiyarasi Shanmugam kalaichana@gmail.com S.N. Jeevarathinam snj.rathinam@gmail.com <p>English is important because it has emerged as the global lingua franca for all types of transactions. It is the language of education, science, technology, business, industry, commerce, and the law, among other things. It serves as a link language in a country like Tamilnadu's multicultural and multilingual social setting, and it also has a strong association with higher education, career advancement, and global employability. Teaching English to students from various social and cultural backgrounds in engineering schools is a significant challenge for language teachers. Problems such as mother tongue interference, a lack of motivation to learn, and other sociolinguistic factors are examples of these. This paper focuses on the major issues that impede achieving the desired results in language classrooms, as well as the techniques that can be used to overcome them.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Suresh Kumar https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11117 The Role of Ego in Margayya’s Fall in the Financial Expert -A Psychological Approach 2021-07-28T10:21:35+00:00 Mr. P. Jose josejonu@gmail.com <p>Ego is one of the most important elements in human personality and although everyone has ego, people manage their ego differently. Some people take it very seriously and act in a way to retaliate, if their ego is hurt while others think and balance their ego before it builds aggression which would bring their own downfall. Since people are driven by their egocentric mindset, any disgrace, disappointment or failure would hurt their ego which would force them to build aggression, reduce rational thinking and lead them to engage in unethical and illegal acts. When Margayya’s ego was hurt by the secretary of the bank when he insulted him and almost ended his finance career, he wanted to accumulate more wealth. He didn’t worry about the ways and means but focused on the destination and he was guided by his ego that led him to mistreat and disrespect people throughout the novel. His obsession with money and prestige forced him to act rudely that ended his career as one of the best financial wizards. When people are led by their ego, it would lead them to their own downfall and destruction as they would be guided by lack of self-control and distrust on others. His obsession with money led him to show off his superiority in order to defeat the cooperative bank secretary and earn respect in the society. This paper brings out the Psychological influence of ego in Margayya’s character in the novel, The Financial Expert.</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mr. P. Jose https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11118 Train to Pakistan: A Saga of Unsalvaged Suffering 2021-07-28T10:52:41+00:00 Dr. Alka Bansal dr.alka.sdc@gmail.com <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span lang="EN-IN" style="color: #0e101a;">The torments of the colossal human tragedy of the partition of India and its aftermath are still being borne by the people of India in some way or the other. The fissured social and emotional spirit of the people is still not healed. The horrific scenes of partition still haunt the psyche of the Indians. Millions were massacred and those that were alive were like live corpses moving around. Their sufferings are unfathomed. They not only suffered physically but also mentally and emotionally. Khushwant Singh’s&nbsp;<em>Train to Pakistan</em>&nbsp;is a novel that unfolds all aspects of suffering and pain which were endured by the people at that time. Singh has been successful in communicating to his readers the tribulations of the partition days, the harrowing experiences, grossness, the madness and the bestial horrors.The displacement of people from one country to another became the root cause of the whole holocaust. The village which bustled with activity turned into a kenopsia. Singh’s rankling at the idea of partition can be perceived in the novel. In the novel, Singh has vehemently written about every aspect of the dreaded violence to which women were subjected. It is quite obvious from the conditions prevailing in India that this splitting of the country was a futile effort. It sowed the seeds of communal discord permanently. People are still suffering they have not fully recovered from this psychosomatic trauma.&nbsp;The seeds of harmful weeds that were sown by the partition are still being reaped by the Indians.</span></p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Alka Bansal https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11121 Utilizing Smartphones to Enhance Students ‘Learning of English Language 2021-07-28T11:30:32+00:00 S. Subha subhaprasath2012@gmail.com Dr S Diravidamani subhaprasath2012@gmail.com <p>Technology plays a momentous role in almost all the fields mainly far –reaching in educational field. It provides creative freedom,&nbsp;endless resources and learning materials. In the current scenario, students engage themselves in the recent technological advancements which not only kill their time but also entertain them all the time. So, the Teachers can take up these technological tools in their hands to inculcate English language to the younger generation instead of following the traditional method of teaching. Now-a-days, Smart phones have reached all the hands in the world including the rural people and made everything easier. By using&nbsp;&nbsp; smart phones effectively in Language classrooms, English language teachers can provoke interest among the non –native learners in learning English Language. Smart phone is a tool which presents visually attractive materials to the students that would be very much appealing to the second language learners. Through this, the four basic communication skills (LSRW Skills) of the second language learners can be enriched and refined .Thus, this paper predominantly focuses on the&nbsp; pros and cons of using smart phones in learning English &nbsp;based on the feedback&nbsp; accrued &nbsp;from the undergraduate students .</p> 2021-07-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 S. Subha, Dr S Diravidamani https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11124 Symbols of the songs by Leela Benare in Vijay Tendulkar’s play Silence! The court is in session 2021-07-29T08:48:45+00:00 Ramen Goswami Sirjii mtalib282@gmail.com <p>The current study explores and sheds light on the trials and tribulations of an independent Women, Miss. Leela Benare, in Vijay Tendulkar’s play Silence! The Court is in session. Here Tendulkar dwells on gender Discriminations. Till the commencement of the mock- trial, Benare is the most cheerful, talkative Character. She makes comments on her own independent life, on the behaviour of her fellow actors, she Sings and shows her vitality and assertiveness even in the second act when the mock trial with her as the Accused begins. In this context her songs are relevant to the structural design of the play as well as these Highlight the mental agony and pangs of a deep rooted mother. In Silence! The Court is in Session, though the dialogues of the characters are set in unvarnished prosaic terms, four songs and one poem have been used in order to add lyrical flavour to unvarnished language of reality. Tendulkar has these songs sung by Benare, the protagonist of the play, not by other characters. A song is no doubt a lyric that expresses a set of emotion, feeling and ideas and thereby exposes the psychic life of the speaker. The four songs in the play, of which two are derivative and the other two are composed by the dramatist, are set in Benare’s mouth in order to equip the woman with the right to narrate her life in lyrical terms.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ramen Goswami Sirjii https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11132 The Edible Woman: A Perspective of Women 2021-07-30T11:39:56+00:00 Moirangthem Dolly indalizeeraj@gmail.com <p>In many respects, <em>The Edible Woman</em> was created during a ‘whirlwind change’. Atwood successfully links together ‘ideas of marriage’ and ‘consumerism’ as related to the ideas and the perceptions of the self. In this novel, Atwood produces a world centred around a young woman, Marian MacAlpin, who is thrust into the role of fiancé and the traditional position. <em>The Edible Woman</em> is successful because it pulls us into Marian’s world and makes us a part of it. Things at first appear to be crystal and real. The moments of her daily life are presented in ways that a reader can relate to. Marian’s life seems acceptable and worthwhile. This paper highlights a perspective of women through Marian, the protagonist of Atwood’s <em>The Edible Woman</em>.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Moirangthem Dolly https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11131 Delineating Ecosophy as a Counter Discourse in Barbara Kingsolver’s Flight Behaviour 2021-07-30T11:30:31+00:00 Anita Jose annjose11@gmail.com Dr. Betsy Paul C. betspaulc@gmail.com <p>Flight Behaviour by Barbara Kingsolver is a clarion call aimed at exposing the impending future that awaits humanity in the form of grievous climactic changes and its impact on the delicate ecosystem of the earth. The characters presented who maintain varying perspectives regarding ecological concerns may be seen as representing differing ideologies that persist in the society with respect to the same. The paper is an attempt to trace the dominant as well as alternate voices that pervade discussions on an apocalyptic future due to human actions that are ruthless and highly exploitative of ecological resources. The mystical encounter with nature that the protagonist undergoes will be examined to understand the significance of an ecological philosophy or “ecosophy.” The paper would also seek to discern a transition from anthropocentrism to ecocentrism and also the disruption of nature/culture binaries established by an anthropocentric worldview depicted in the text.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anita Jose, Dr. Betsy Paul C. https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11135 Fractured Identities: A Study of Diasporic Reality & Identity Crisis in Agha 2021-07-31T10:09:25+00:00 Ajay S Deshmukha ajayd802@gmail.com Rajdeep Deshmukh ajayd802@gmail.com <p>Diaspora is much talked and celebrated discourse across the disciplines. Confrontation of diasporic community with native community gives rise to multi-dimensional problems. Diasporic community thus undergoes different levels of realities that change their perception as person who migrated from his/her homeland in search of new opportunities. Their perception as a segment in foreign land is marked with the sense of alienation, hybridity, identity crisis and many other mental and physical, cultural-religious, and spatial-geographical turmoil. In a sense they come across the diasporic reality. Diasporic reality is a combined study of Diaspora and problems of migrants. This paper explores the meaning of diaspora through the definitions of different writers and the problems of migrants. &nbsp;It specifically attempts to trace the problems of identity crisis and hybridity as confrontation with different often contradictory socio-cultural, religious, and different historical backdrop in which diasporic community is located in.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ajay S. Deshmukha, Rajdeep R. Deshmukha https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11129 Voicing the Suppressed Female Voices in a Male-Chauvinistic Society: A Study of Vijay Tendulkar’s Silence! The Court is in Session 2021-07-30T11:11:17+00:00 Suresh Kumar vijaysuresh8890@gmail.com <p>Vijay Tendulkar (1928-2008) is considered a prominent Indian playwright, movie and television writer, literary essayist and social commentator primarily in Marathi in the twentieth century. The playwright acquaints the readers or the audience with the Indian socio-cultural milieu through the journey of characters in <em>Silence! The Court is in Session.</em> This paper aims at analyzing the perceptions of the people towards women in a male-dominated, patriarchal society. The paper will analyze that whether social sanctity, morality, ethics, values are applied to both genders i.e. man and women with the same lenses or favours any of them. If there are dual standards for measuring the character of an individual based on gender, how can one hope for justice?&nbsp; This paper will give an expression to the silenced, the hushed up, the repressed, the suppressed and the oppressed voices, liberating the women while interrogating the male-chauvinistic world.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Suresh Kumar https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11130 The Craft of Short Story : A Critique of The Habit of Love 2021-07-30T11:18:07+00:00 Dr Madhu D Singh dr.madhudsingh@gmail.com <p>Author of several&nbsp; works&nbsp; of&nbsp; fiction and non fiction , Namita Gokhale is a well known name in the field of Indian Writing in English&nbsp; not only&nbsp; as&nbsp; a writer but also as a publisher&nbsp; and as a founder director of Jaipur Literature Festival . Her&nbsp; short stories&nbsp;&nbsp; published under the title&nbsp; <em>The Habit of Love</em>&nbsp; ( 2012)&nbsp;&nbsp; are&nbsp; remarkable for adding a new dimension to the&nbsp; craft of short story writing.</p> <p><em>The Habit of Love</em>&nbsp; is a collection of thirteen short stories&nbsp; encapsulating the&nbsp; myriad&nbsp; experiences of their female protagonists&nbsp; who lay bare before the readers their inner world – their desires , passions, fear , anxiety,&nbsp; happiness, anger ,&nbsp; ennui and sadness – in kaleidoscopic lights.&nbsp; Based mainly on the themes of love, lust and death , these stories are interwoven with the motifs of time, memory , dreams travels and mountains. The writer frequently shifts from present to past or vice versa , making&nbsp; several technical innovations&nbsp; like unexpected , abrupt endings; use of startling similes/ metaphors; choice of&nbsp; queer , quirky titles for these short&nbsp;&nbsp; stories. The use of the&nbsp; technique of&nbsp; first person narrative in many of these stories imparts more intimacy to them as if the narrator is engaged in a tete- a- tete with her readers. Gokhale&nbsp; emphasizes the importance of&nbsp; a convincing narrative voice&nbsp; in making a short story effective. In response to a question as to which is the most critical part of a story: the storyline, the characters or the storytelling,<strong><br></strong>&nbsp;she says,&nbsp;“Finding the right voice that convincingly tells the story, whether in first person or otherwise is the most crucial part.”( Recap: Twitter chat with Namita Gokhale,TNN,22 March 2018 )</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Madhu D Singh https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11138 Psychological Ramifications of Trauma in Women as Represented in Shahnaz Bashir’s The Half Mother 2021-08-03T09:14:02+00:00 Dr Zeenat Khan zeenumcm@gmail.com <p>Trauma is a subjective and extensive term with its diverse implications on individuals and consequently on the societies. Also the heterogeneity of traumatic experiences, cannot be over-simplified by putting them under one blanket term or generalising all of them into one bracket. Since nineteen nineties, owing to several reasons, &nbsp;the term trauma has picked up an impetus, and various studies in this area of discourse are being carried out. Recently only however homogenising of all the traumatic experience into the countable postulates of Literary Trauma Theory is being challenged by the scholars and academicians across the world.</p> <p>In this paper, trauma of an individual (who is a single mother) and a society (of Kashmir) through the reading of Shahnaz Bashir’s <em>The Half Mother </em>is explored. This paper shall try to map the mindscape of the protagonist Haleema and parallelly observe the cultural ramifications of the same.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Zeenat Khan https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11126 Myth Theory: A Study towards Mythic Tale and It’s Reach in Today’s Life 2021-07-30T10:19:45+00:00 Anila A. Pillai anilaapillai@gmail.com Dr. Urvashi Kaushal urvashikaushal6@gmail.com <p>Myth can vaguely be said to have come into existence due to the urge of seeking answers to curious mind about the universe, nature, man or can be the result emerged from the need for religious stability of societal control using certain customs and rituals. Myth when looked with a proper outlook can be termed as meaningful, for it beholds metaphysics, the branch of philosophy that deals with the first source of things, including intangible concepts such as being, identity, time and space in its primary sense while developing close proximity to immediate perception of reality. The universal belief system is held and disseminated with a certain amount of pompousness in language and settings, based on mythic stories of a clan or cult. The purpose of this paper is to establish mythic tales as a vital ingredients for posterity to look upon and validate that the re-reading of mythic tales into fiction opens up a variety of possibilities, including: various perspectives and dimensions to the same story portrayed in/as legendary texts. Humanistic consideration is brought about by individual representation. There are a variety of ways to look at the philosophy that has been passed down through the generations through stories.</p> 2021-07-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anila A. Pillai, Dr. Urvashi Kaushal https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11127 The Language of Partition: A Study of the Narrative Structures of Selected Stories 2021-07-30T10:35:11+00:00 Barnali Saha barnali.saha@vips.edu <p>The Partition of India in 1947 that resulted in the death and displacement of millions of people continues to inhabit the cognizance of the people of South Asia as a historical phenomenon laden with violence. Although the bequest of the Partition is palpable in episodes of religious tension, discourses on minority belonging, secularism, nation and nationalism in India, critical exploration of the phenomenon as a tension-ridden historical episode has largely been restricted. The present research paper deals with the stylistic aspects of a series of seven short fictional narratives from Bengal and Punjab. In this paper, the scholar talks about how the creative-imaginative representation of Partition has till date remained confined to the discussion of thematic aspects with the result that the elements of narration have remained insignificant in critical mediation. As such, the scholar addresses the gap in the genre of Partition studies by critically reading and stylistically scrutinizing the narrative elements of a series of selected Partition narratives to see how violence as a leitmotif in these seven selected fictional texts is documented.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Barnali Saha https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11128 Shashi Deshpande, Anita Desai, and Bharati Mukherjee: A Comparative Study 2021-07-30T10:55:11+00:00 Dr. S. Hannah Evangeline annsonroy03@gmail.com <p>Shashi Deshpande, Anita Desai and Bharati Mukherjee are contemporary Indian English Writers. They have represented the case of Indian women who are the subject of negligence, suffering, suppression and exploitation. The problems of identity figures more prominently in the novels of Bharati Mukherjee and Anita Desai. &nbsp;Shashi Deshpande’s main concern also has been to trace out the root cause of denial of women’s self and their struggle for self-identity. Thus all these factors give rise to emergent trends and tendencies like hybrid cultural forms among the migrants. These three female authors who have been under the influence of trans-nationalism, immigration, migration as well as re-housement, began to take deep interest in study of the women’s problems in India and giving them insight and outlook that have some relevance with the Western culture and social back-grounds.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. S. Hannah Evangeline https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11133 Pulling It Together: Human Resilience and Community in Toni Morrison’s Beloved 2021-07-30T11:50:40+00:00 Ankur Yadav ankur.bpsetah@gmail.com <p>Toni Morrison’s <em>Beloved </em>is the story of the sufferings of Afro-American’s slavery, trauma of being forced to leave their homelands, horrors of parting with their relatives and the resilience of the Black Community to restore peace and harmony among themselves. The present paper demonstrates the extent to which individuals need the support of their communities in order to survive and how the community as a whole rises resiliently to overcome the trauma and pacify the sufferings of individuals. Morrison in this novel, benevolently asserts the need of community, its solidarity and its interdependence in offering resistance and kindling the spirit of resilience for the individual redemption by knitting a diverse and fragmented narrative only to be exorcised for a better future.</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Ankur Yadav https://www.ijellh.com/OJS/index.php/OJS/article/view/11140 Questions of Female Gaze: Males Through Eyes of Females in Vijay Tendulkar’s Select Plays 2021-08-04T09:10:18+00:00 Tamal Ghsoh tgghosh88@gmail.com <p>Gaze, as defined by Oxford Advance learner’s Dictionary, “is an interested steady look at something or somebody” (642). The privilege of gazing presupposes or attributes some power in the onlookers. So, gaze is an expression of power, a way of looking, a point of view or a medium to establish and extend dominance. In a patriarchal set-up of society, the role of the onlooker is played most of the times by males, and according to Laura Mulvey, women are generally made to appear as the visual sex objects of male desire and pleasure. Here, my question is, do the females dare to return the male gaze in one way or another?</p> <p>I want to dwell upon the possibility of a reversed or altered picture of male gaze in the context of Tendulkar’s plays. So, let the females be the gazers and males be the gazed in the context of Tendulkar’s selected plays and let me make an attempt to study certain male characters as looked by certain female figures. Champa and Laxmi in <em>Sakharam Binder</em>, Leela Benare and Mrs. Kashikar in <em>Silence! the Court is in Session</em> and Sarita and Kamala in <em>Kamala </em>&nbsp;represent a polarity of ‘female eyes’. Champa, Leela Benare, and Sarita take guts to have a gaze at the body, activity, and position of their chauvinistic male counterparts and often, put a question mark to the so-called vanity of masculinity. But Laxmi, Mrs. Kashikar, and Kamala look at men in the way men want to be looked at with all of his power over them. In view of the above, I shall try to show whether there is a scope for an active female gaze? If yes, to what extent? Do they transgress their traditional roles imposed on them in returning the male gaze and open up a space for anti-male discourse?</p> 2021-07-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Tamal Ghsoh